Books online Kristallnacht Prelude to Destruction Making History Author Martin Gilbert –

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Most of the time when I m reading about the Jewish experience in Hitler s Eurpoe Kristallnacht is mentioned as a turning point in the treatment of the Jews and not looked at in detail In this book Gilbert looks directly at Kristallnacht from a variety of sources including many many newspaper stories of the time Unlike later pogroms there was no attempt by the Nazis to hide the true violence and terror of Kristallnacht from the press This leaves Gilbert with a plethora of information to sort through and showcase how Kristallnacht happened from the highly planned political standpoint of the Nazis and exactly how deeply it affected the Jews who were its target He does his ob as historian well traveling the breadth of the German Empire at the time to show how far reaching the violence of that night was and also explaining along the way the many ways Kris Martin Gilbert pulls no punches when he writes about the Holocaust His anger and frustration are palpable Kristallnacht and the events leading up to it and after it are analyzed He uses first hand accounts from survivors and while their stories seem repetitive that is the point Never forget He fully brings out the horror fear savagery and barbarity He highlights the brave governmentembassy members who illegally continued to issue emigration visas and citizens who risked their lives to shelter and hide Jews making it clear that there were indeed good Germans Also laid bare are the heart wrenching refugee uotas of the US Britain and many other countries Even though many were saved these uotas and refusals of so many countries to admit German Jews as of 9139 were enemy aliens were responsible for the deaths of thousands It is hard to read and you get the full sense of the fear racism and conundrums As expected this was a sobering but enlightening read It was filled with first person accounts of the night of Kristallnacht and of the actions taken by the Nazi party regular Germans and othe This guy is a serious nerd I found myself engrossed even though the text double backs on itself many times This is a huge compilation of first hand accounts of the Kristalnacht It deals with the emigration the orphans and of course the destruction of that night in particular I learned so much and found myself horrified Even the moments where he talks about the heroes who tried to help escaping Jews I was horrified that they were so alone in their efforts and often penalized for acting out of basic human morality This book contains people s stories of Nov 10th1938 when Nazi stormtroopers and Hitler youth smashed a trail through Jewish neighbourhoods destroying thousands of Jewish businesses and a thousand synagogues were destroyedThirty thousand Jews were sent to concentration camps This book does not read as a story It documents how it happened and how people felt as told to Mr Gilbert I think I found the recounting of a Nazi suad busting into a Jewish home and giving them an hour to vacate with what they could carry while a German citizen walked in and took possession The Holocaust was about looting and stealing and as much about greed as hatred On November 7 1938 a 17 year old German Jew Herschel Grynszpan enraged by the suffering of his parents who had been expelled from Germany together with 12 000 other Jews walked into the German embassy in Paris and shot Making India Work junior German diplomat Ernst vom Rath who died three days laterVom Rath s assassination sparked what the Nazis had been planning for months a nationwide pogrom and orgy of destruction against the Jews across the Third Reich Germany Austria and SudetenlandOn on November 8 it had been announced that Jewish children could no longer attend Aryan state elementary schools something that had hitherto been allowed where there were not sufficient Jewish elementary schools At the same time all Jewish cultural activities were suspended indefinitelyOn the night of the 9 10 November Kristallnacht took place co ordinated by the Nazi leadershipThat night 91 Jews were murdered and 25000 30000 were arrested and dep. On November 7 1938 a young Jew enraged by his family's expulsion from Germany walked into the German embassy in Paris and fired five shots at aunior diplomat Three days later the diplomat was dead and Germany was in the grips of skillfully orchestrated anti Jewish violenceIn the early hours of November 10 Nazi storm troopers and Hitler Youth rampaged through Jewish neighborhoods across Germany leaving behind them a horrifying trail of terror and destruction More than a thousand synagogues and many thousands of Jewish shops were destroyed while thirty thousan.

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Books online Kristallnacht Prelude to Destruction Making History Author Martin Gilbert –

E Catholic priest in Munich that gave the Rabbi a truck to cart away as much as possible from the synagogue before it was burned the government officials who did as much as they could to get people out of the country falsifying visas coming up with inventive ways to get whole families out all the while breaking their own countries edicts while doing so to the German woman who gave a Jewish woman her id The book includes maps of all the towns where synagogues were burned as well as maps of both escape routes and deportation routes that some of the eyewitnesses took A very good book Martin Gilbert collects and relates first hand experiences of Kristallnacht At times the book feels like a loosely connected series of mini narratives but it is so engrossing that this fact doesn t distance the reader It should be noted that if Gilbert s footnotes are any indication some of the accounts came from letters that Gilbert recieved most likely after solicting from witnesses In addition to the first hand accounts Gilbert goes into great deapth about the international reaction to Kristallnancht At times the stories are despairly others hopeful and at least one concerning the city of New York will promote a smileWhat comes across is the feeling of horror and helpless of even anger on behalf of those mentioned in the book Eually impactive are the maps in the back which show where the destruction took place In many ways these speak than the actual narrative Easily the saddest book I ve read this year Kristallnacht is the name for the infamous Nazi pogrom against German and Austrian Jews on November 9 10 1938 The Nazis would insist this was spontaneous eruption by the Germans against the Jews after the eventually successful assassination attempt against a German diplomat in Paris by a young German Polish Jew The assassin Herschel Grynszpan was upset over the late October expulsion from Germany of all Polish Jews including Grynszpan s family which resulted in a hellish in between existence in Polish border refugee camps The Poles were at first reluctant to accept them The Poles reluctance would be repeated Worldwide by numerous countries in the terrifying months to come Upon the German diplomat s death hell was unleashed in Jews throughout the Reich Gilbert grimly excels here as he tells in account after account the destruction of Jewish homes businesses and places of worship In addition many of the men were carted off to concentration camps From the notes in the book it appears Gilbert collected many of these accounts a great deal of them from people were children or young adults at the time In account after account the same Nazi template presents itself with loud knocks on the door from a gang of SA thugs and then destruction beatings and sometimes worse There is brutal sameness to these attacks that strongly suggest planning and targeting Gilbert never really dwells on this maybe because the hard evidence has never been uncovered or maybe ust because it s obvious I don t know Anyway this brutal account lasts for a little over half the book What follows is the attempt by many of the Jews to get out of Germany It was not such an easy thing as the Nazis were hardly helpful and other European countries argued over refugee uotas This part of the book is also uite sad but it is punctuated by some real heroes such as Captain Frank Foley the British Passport Control Officer in Berlin also a spy and Dr Feng Shan Ho the Chinese Consul General in Vienna Both men would work night and day to help Jews to emigrate to both Britain and China They saved thousands And there were others the Righteous as Gilbert calls them that history has also forgotten As the window to escape closes the beginnings of the Final Solution start to reveal themselves Generally my reading experience when it comes to Kristallnacht usually has involved a few pages in larger histories of the War and Nazi Germany Gilbert has provided the necessary and heartbreaking voices to an event whose scale and the hate behind it is still beyond comprehensio. Ther attack on Jews during the course of the Second World War was as widely reported by contemporary observersKristallnacht marked the beginning of the systematic eradication of a people who traced their origins in Germany to Roman times and was a sinister fore warning of the Holocaust By setting the tone for the terrible war to follow it shaped the second half of the twentieth century and continues to haunt us almost seventy years later Meticulously researched and masterfully written this is an eye opening study of one of the darkest chapters in human history.

Orted to concentration campsIn the early hours of November 10 coordinated destruction broke out in cities towns and villages throughout the Third ReichMore than 2 000 synagogues were destroyed and tens of thousands of Jewish businesses and homes ransackedIn this disturbing and heart wrenching work Gilbert gathers together hundreds of eye witness accounts of the Kristallnacht atrocitiesAs one British newspaper reportedBrownshirts smashed their way into Jewish houses tore down their curtains slashed carpets and upholstery with knives and broke up the furnitureTerrified children were turned sobbing out of their beds which were then smashed to piecesExtremely disturbing is the refusal of the nations of the world to take in refugeesBetween January 1933 and March 1938 than 35 000 German Jews were granted immigration certificates to Palestine Following the 1936 Arab Revolt the British restricted Jewish immigration the Holy Land to 3000 a yearOn November 30 1939 the Jewish National Council for Palestine offered to take 10 000 German Jewish children into the Holy Land to be dispersed among the 250 Jewish agricultural and urban centres thereTo appease the Arabs in Palestine and Muslims in India and other parts of the British Empire the offer to take the children was rejectedThe British authorities turned back Jewish ships full of refugees and put pressure on the governments of Yugoslavia Romania Turkey and Greece not to allow Jewish refugees passage through their territories to the Holy LandHaven t enough Jewish lives been sacrificed to appease Muslim rageProposals were made to settle Jewish in British Guiana Brazil Madagascar Uganda and Tanganyika but all were abandonedA proposal to resettle Jews in Newfoundland in Canada was rejected due to public pressure from the local population there Ireland US Secretary of State Cordell Hull blocked a proposal by the Legislative Council of the Virgin Islands to take in refugees from the Nazis claiming it was incompatible with existing lawThe book is an important testimony and contains hitherto unrevealed accountsIt is an account of how hatred can lead to destruction on such a massive scaleToday we are faced with Jew hatred on a scale as great as that of the Nazis in the form of hatred of IsraelIf this is not stopped who knows where it will lead Excellent detailed description of many of the events of Kristallknacht plus prelude and afterBut what s missing are some crucial things I want to know for my novel Who put the plan together When Who gave the order to proceed How was that order communicated and coordinated so uickly to virtually every locale in GermanyIf you know a source for those answers please let me knowNOTE 1029 I have since found the source of the Kristallknacht orders it was Heydrich and have included these events in the seuel to A FLOOD OF EVIL which I am currently writing This is uite an in depth look at Kristallnacht and the immediate aftermath also including basic eventsstats that came both before and after Much of the information comes from survivors many of whom sent letters or unpublished memoirs to the author as well as other eyewitnesses including ournalists and government officials based in GermanyAustria at the time of the event The beginning of the book is broken up into different citiestowns in Germany and the remembrances of the eyewitnesses After the event the author continues with the same people and what happened to them trials that they went through trying to get out of German occupied land and the almost insurmountable blockades that the Nazis put up to make it difficult for people to leave I found all of the ournalists and government officials bits of information fascinating and disturbing in that the other countries ust seemed to be like ostriches with their heads in the sand truly believing that Germany was upholding the Versailles treaty along with recent agreements even with evidence from their own people that things were getting worse The author also talks of some of the brave people that stood up and helped from th. D Jews were rounded up and sent to concentration camps This was the moment when deliberately inflamed hatreds ignited nationwide destructionWith rare insight and acumen Martin Gilbert one of the leading historians of our time examines Kristallnacht the Night of Broken Glass and describes how the rest of the world reacted in its wake His narration of that night and day of terror is chilling vividly conveying its scale and intensity through than fifty previously unpublished eyewitness testimonies and graphic newspaper accounts of the events as they unfolded No

The official biographer of Winston Churchill and a leading historian on the Twentieth Century Sir Martin Gilbert was a scholar and an historian who though his 88 books has shown there is such a thing as “true history”Born in London in 1936 Martin Gilbert was educated at Highgate School and Magdalen College Oxford graduating with First Class Honours He was a Research Scholar at St Anthony's