( [EBOOK] Wild Swans Three Daughters of China ) by Jung Chang – xermadeenfotos.org
Jung Chang ☆ 4 eview
( EBOOK Wild Swans Three Daughters of China ) by Jung Chang – xermadeenfotos.org
Re brutally murdered land grabbing became the order of the day Land edistribution soon led to the most staggering overgrazing and erosion of fertile land over millions of hectares Large parts of China became an instant man made desert Poverty and famine increased substantially and exponentially Thirty million people died of hunger alone which was a well kept secret for almost forty yearsJung Chang writes on p166 Although the Communists were apposed to torture in theory and on principle officials were told that they should not intervene if the peasant wished to vent their anger in passionate acts of evengeagainst the farm owners People such as Jin were not just wealthy owners of land but had wielded absolute and arbituary power which they indulged in willfully over the lives of the local population They were called e ba ferocious despotsIn some areas the killing extended to ordinary landlords who were called stones obstacles to the evolution Policy towards the stones was When in doubt kill My father thought this was wrong and told his subordinates and public meetings that only those who unuestionably had blood on their hands should be sentenced to death In his eports to his superiors he epeatedly said that the Party should be careful with human lives and that excessive executions would only harm the evolution It was partly because many people like my father spoke up that in February 1948 the Communist leadership issued urgent instructions to stop the violent excesses The necklacesburning tires around an enemy of the evolution s neck was ampantly used to kill very often innocent people If someone had a personal grudge against the victim the latter was declared anti evolutionary and killed after street courts were held It was a method designed and used by Stalin a few decades earlier in Russia and part of the Communist modus operandi to establish their complete control The narrative describes how an entire nation was terrorized traumatized and intimidated into submission by various methods Everybody living in a free country should ead this book The only way to understand eal freedom is to get to know life when it is taken away and almost always by the very same people who used the idea to win them over to a new dispensation Although it was an exhausting book to ead it opened the dark horrible side of the so called freedom fighters and communism to the world It is written in such a way that the history lesson flows easily along the narrative which was compelling You need time for this book and lots of courage However it was beautifully written One of the best books I have ever eadThis book changed my life and my choice of books completelyListen to this Podcast with the author about this book Wild Swans presents the story of three generations in the life of the author s family which covers most of the 20th century as well as the amazing social political and economic changes occurring in China as a whole We move from the portrait of a concubine with bound feet to a woman who worked alongside her Communist Party husband to bring Party ideals to fruition then on to the granddaughter who is among the first of her generation to be allowed to leave the country to studyAlong the way there are the classics of any family storylove and hate birth and death marriage with unimaginable struggles and gradual worsening of life on a egular basis The details should be ead Most of us who grew up in the 50s and 60s have some memory of hardships in China We eally didn t know and it is important to know about the history of China from pre Communist times to the present as it explains so muchHighly ecommended as a big step in education about China in the 20th century through a personal historyAddendum I plan to ead the introduction to the 2003 edition as I ve heard it adds some valuable insights to the intro and epilogue available in the original 1991 edition I own Simply put Wild Swans is a poor man s Life and Death in Shanghai Reason being that that while the initial chapters about Jung Chang s grandmother are informative and interesting as it gives us a peek into the life of people in Pre Communist China as the book progresses Chang s ignorance as she was a little girl at that time about the events happening around her becomes a permanent annoyance I am not saying that Chang was still ignorant about what happened in China during the Great Leap Forward and The Cultural Revolution after she grew up she definitely knows her history but it seems that she has tried her level best to hide that in her book She would write something like My dad was very sad about the things that were happening in China but for me it was very difficult to understand it at that time And then she would start talking about something else without even clarifying her point Even with the benefit of hindsight it seems that she never eally wanted to write in detail about the causes eactions and outcomes of the events like The Cultural Revolution Her book is what the title itself suggests about three daughters of China but it is only and only about the three daughters of China and I was expecting it to be a little than that Chang took her time to tell her story 700 odd pages in all so it s only fair to expect her to write about China s history but instead she chose to write about the flowers in the garden of the hospital where her father was being treated during the Cultural Revolution Even Mme Mao and her Gang of Four the main perpetrators of The Cultural Revolution gets only a passing mention As a biography Wild Swans is a good book But if you want to ead a detailed history of The Cultural Revolution and of China at that time ead Life and Death in Shanghai by Nien Cheng instead of this book In my opinion Life and Death in Shanghai is the best book written on The Cultural Revolution and also one of the best autobiographies ever written If you are going to ead both the books which I did I suggest you start with Wild Swans first which I didn t because if you ead Life and Death in Shanghai before eading this book chances are that you might end up appreciating Wild Swans much less than what you might have been predicting at the start Wild Swans may well be the most depressing book I ve ever ead Don t let that keep you from giving it a try though for by some strange mechanism it also anks among the most uplifting books I ve ead chronicling as it does a courage esilience and will to survive which are nothing short of iveting I could sum the book up by saying it s the greatest ode to courage and esilience ever written or that it s one of those are books which make you despair of humanity and then go a long way towards estoring your faith in it but no I m not going to leave it at that I m going to do this book justice because damn it it deserves itFor those of you who missed the hype back in the early 1990s Wild Swans is the true history of three generations of women living through the horrible nightmare that is modern Chinese history One is the author herself now a naturalised British citizen The second is her mother an earnest Communist who aised a large family at a time which was extremely bad for family life The third is her grandmother who was married off as a concubine to a warlord as a girl and lived to see her family suffer for this unfortunate connection again and again Using these three extraordinary lives as her main focus Jung Chang tells the history of China s even extraordinary twentieth century from the late ing Dynasty in the first decade of the century to the elatively free 1980s a period comprising the Republican era the battle between the Kwomintang and the Communists the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution It s gripping stuff even for those who know their Chinese history and it blew me away when I first ead it halfway through my Chinese degree making me wonder for the first time but not the last whether I eally wanted to devote the est of my life to China It took me two years to decide that I did not but this book whose memory has always stayed with me played a large part in that decision To this day I vividly emember the horror I experienced when I ead the long section about the Cultural Revolution It brought alive the terror of that particular episode of Chinese history better than any other book I d ead and it shocked me to my core While Wild Swans is largely about the three women mentioned above the most interesting person in the book I hesitate to call him a character as he was obviously a very eal person is the author s father a high anking cadre who genuinely believed in the Communist ideals and strove all his life to implement them in daily life At first he is infuriating in his efusal to grant his wife and children the privileges to which they are entitled as his elatives on the grounds that to do so would amount to nepotism and corruption which is precisely what the Communists are supposed to be trying to eradicate but as the story progresses you ealise that there is something uite heroic about Mr Chang that he is in his daughter s words a moral man living in a land that is a moral void By the time the Cultural Revolution olls around the corner you feel such admiration for him that you d personally drag him away from the humiliations and. In the early days of Mao's evolution and ose like her husband to a prominent position in the Communist Party before being denounced during the Cultural Revolution Chang herself marched worked and breathed for Mao until doubt crept in over the excesses of his policies and purges Born just a few decades apart their lives overlap with the end of the
Father is close Mother is close but neither is as close as Chairman Mao A fascinating description of one family s experiences of China s political upheavals across the 20th century focusing on Jung Chang s grandmother mother and then herself Although the family are fairly privileged much of the time they still experience great hardships being a Party member or even Party official was no guarantee of immunity from persecution and sometimes tortureHard to categorise but don t be dauntedIt s part biographyautobiography and part a historical political psychological exposition of how Communist China came into being and how it maintained its hold on its citizens even during extreme hardship such as famine However it has the eadability of a novel eschewing sheer horror and dry history uite an achievementThis book can seem daunting because of its size subject matter and fame but it s actually a iveting ead and although some of the content is harrowing the writing style is very easy going It is a complex story but it is not confusingIt s subtitled Three daughters of China but it s a story for everyone Strong women are in the foreground but one of the most powerfully drawn characters is Jung Chang s father born poor largely self educated who loved literature was a passionate and principled Communist putting Party before family ising to power as an official but who couldn t cope when he saw his beliefs being violated in the name of the PartyContradictions inherent in the system They verbally attacked each other with Mao s uotations making cynical use of his guru like elusiveness it was easy to select a uotation of Mao s to suit any situation or even both sides of the same argument Although I have ead uite a few books about China this one gets to the heart of the contradictions of The Party and how to brainwash a vast nation far better than many others When Jung Chang subseuently wrote a biography of Mao she d already done much of the groundwork in Wild SwansBrutality and hypocrisy of various kinds are described but it s some of the subtler hardships that were especially vivid I find it extraordinary that strong family ties could coexist with couples not allowed to live together and an apparent casualnessresignation of children left to live with wet nurses elatives or in boarding nurseries for years Image Scene from The Red Detachment of Women one of the Eight Model Operas of the Cultural Revolution SourceDuring the Cultural Revolution which began when Jung Chan was a teenager ignorance was glorified even in universities and beautiful artefacts destroyed the family were expelled from the official compound and sent to live in ooms in an old mansion Beauty was so despised that my family was sent to this lovely house as a punishmentUnexpected levityThere is humour too sending those studying English to a southern port to practise by talking to foreign sailors not being able to ename a street whose sign was too high and traffic chaos when it was decided that ed was a positive colour so oughtn t to mean stop The extraordinary degree of organisation in some aspects of life and none in others aligned with my expectations but also highlighted contradictions such as being sent to learn from the peasants with no guidance as to what was to be learnt nor account of the peasants not wanting extra mouths attached to not very useful handsFlawsThe main problems are minor but nonetheless irritating Although the political history is explained very well because it is also autobiographical important events that didn t affect the family such as the Long March are barely mentioned and this is where its confused identity between biography and political text book are a weakness People efer to others by elationship my mother my father s mother in law etc which is confusing when different characters talk about their elatives without using names Some passages sound clich d that is partly because I have ead many other books on similar subjects but it is also because at times the writing style actually is somewhat banalNevertheless this is an insightful accessible and enjoyable bookHorror and hopeThere are many horrors in this book though generally not graphically described but I didn t find it depressing the indomitable spirit of many of the people coupled with the fact I know Jung Chang is now happy and successful give an air of hopeFreedomChina s people are still far from free but having ead this book and travelled ound China in 92 and 08 the transformation is emarkable and ongoing It s a crowded country but also one of tranuil beautyImage The calm of Shennong Stream a tributary of the Yangtze April 2008 One of the most fascinating books I have ever ead Not only do I feel I got an honest history of communist China its story plays out like a novel I never wanted to put it down Chang excels at pulling it together for you showing you the differences between her Grandmother s life her mother s life and her own moving chronologically in a manner that makes such good sense I completely followed it despite my absolute dearth of knowle If you ead only one book about twentieth century China let this be the one A mish mash of personal memoir family saga history feminist literature and global and Chinese politics Wild Swans Three Daughters of China covers it all vividly The book covers the life of Jung Chang s grandmother her mother and herself over the course of a China that was constantly changing in esponse to the changing times and the challenges it was facingChang starts off with her grandmother s story a concubine to a feudal lord she managed to escape to freedom with her daughter Chang s mother who in turn became a ebel and supported the communists Chang herself appears to be the least ebellious of these three women but that doesn t detract from her strength in facing the daily challenges of living in Communist China under Madman MaoOne of the most interesting things I found about this book was how it seamlessly depicted the enormous changes that took place in within a hundred years While the grandmother was fully immersed in traditional ways and superstitions this gradually changed over the years Another thing I eally loved about this book is how Chang kept challenging the practice of Maoism by demanding why the status of women had not changed and why they were still subject to the old ideas and customs despite the communist evolution I loved how Chang managed to put her finger on the ight places and ask the ight uestionsWhile this book is a memoir of one single family Chang makes the attempt to weave in the broader political and historical issues of the times wherever appropriate This gives Wild Swans a much broader scope than most memoirs and provides a comprehensive understanding of Chinese history and politics over the last century I eally appreciated this as Chang has obviously taken the time to esearch many things and has managed to keep a distance between her own experiences and historical factsOne last uestion that does emain to be answered Why has China not eschewed Mao yet It has been than forty years since he died and yet the official stance is one of everence and deification The idea apparently is that it would hurt the image of the Communist Party but I genuinely fail to understand why The best thing anyone can do is to show Mao in his full idiocy to the masses But as it stands today his body is preserved and evered It s an insult to the entire country I am not surprised Wild Swans is banned in China as well as all of the other books by ChangIf you have even a emote interest in China Chinese people Chinese history or Chinese politics this book is a must ead At first I did not want to voice my opinion of this book since it cut so near to the bone and was such a profound shock to ead in 1993 It was however the first book after eading Isabelle Allende that kept me awake for several weeks afterwards No other book ever managed to achieve thatIt certainly is a depressing book no beating around the bush about that but also such a courageous introduction to a life of people shut away behind the veil of communism My overall impression of the book was that it must have been eually painful for the author to write it as it was for her family three generations of women to endure the horrific takeover of Mao Tse Tung in China As with all Communist hetoric so many noble promises were made to people freedom of oppression being the biggest and innocent poor people believed enough in the idea to die for it Those who did not want to accept it were killed as well in their millionsHowever people such as Jung s father who staunchly believed that it would bring change for the good staggered back in horror when the first eal implications of Communism hit their lives Freedom was the first privilege to be evoked on all levels of human existence All intellectuals against the evolution were either interned or killed They all lost their jobs and their standing and their espect in society were publicly destroyed They were declared enemies of the stateThe eualization of society also did not happen seamlessly and the population would soon find out what it eally entailed The educational and health systems crashed completely Expropriation of land was part of the plan Landowners we. An alternative cover for this ISBN can be found hereIn Wild Swans Jung Chang ecounts the evocative unsettling and insistently gripping story of how three generations of women in her family fared in the political maelstrom of China during the 20th century Chang's grandmother was a warlord's concubine Her gently aised mother struggled with hardships.
Beatings he eceives for sticking to his guns if you could to prevent him having to experience that loss of faith and dreams which is bound to follow His is a tragedy with a capital T and it s harrowing one of the most painful things I ve ead and then someYet for all the personal struggles described in the book and there are many of them the main struggling character of Wild Swans is China itself Chang does a great job chronicling what JG Ballard called the brain death of a nation sharing historical facts in a way non sinologists will understand and showing the cruelty and mercilessness inherent in the Chinese or should that be humanity in general She does a marvellous job describing the panic and unpredictability of the early Cultural Revolution when absolutely everybody could be denounced at the drop of a hat and when pettiness and lust for power eigned Along the oad she provides fascinating insights into Mao Zedong s selfishness and megalomania and into the hypocrisy and incongruity of the movements he set in motion which brutalised human elationships like nothing else ever has And all these atrocities she juxtaposes with the integrity and courage of her parents and grandmother who get through it all with some hope and optimism left intact It s a iveting story and Chang tells it wellIf I have any complaints about Wild Swans they concern the first few chapters and the omanisation of names The early parts of the book which deal with events the author did not witness herself feel a bit aloof and lifeless It gets better once Chang starts telling about her parents and once she eaches the part of the story to which she herself was privy the Great Leap Forward the Cultural Revolution the book becomes uite unputdownable As for the omanisation I wish the publisher had hired an editor skilled in Pinyin as Chang s spelling of Chinese names is all over the place something non sinologists won t notice but which is an eyesore to me These are minor flaws though which hardly detract from the overall uality of the book Wild Swans is an intensely compelling ead moving unsettling and unforgettable It should be compulsory eading for everyone emotely interested in China or in history in general How far could Chinese patriarchy go in the early twentieth century to make the lives of women sheer humiliation and misery Here in Wild Swans we have that uestion tidily answered This is a tale of the lives of three generations of Chinese women the author her mother and her grandmother Author Jung Chang s grandmother had her feet bound a hideously painful process undertaken solely so that some man might one day find her lustworthy enough to take as a concubine The years long process of foot binding of smashing the toes with a ock and binding them under the sole of the foot is thoroughly explained Author Chang s grandmother was thus encrippled and eventually traded off to a general of one of the factions vying for control of the country in 1920 All this so her wretch of a great grandfather Yang could aise his own material status buy land and accumulate concubines I have ead of stories purdah the seraglio and Morman four wiving but never have I come across such a harrowing description of the degradation of women that I have found here Mind numbing are the cruel stratagems of the concubines back at the family home to degrade Yang s first wife Chang s great grandmother and freeze her out of her own home I was aware of this social structure before through works by the writers Jonathan Spence Anchee Min Nien Cheng Harry Wu and others but never have I had such a vivid picture of how the first wifeconcubine pecking order played out in the daily life of a Chinese family as I ve had here It is beyond belief Then in 1930 eleased from her bond of concubinage on the death of the general the grandmother whose name Yu fang translates as jade fragrant flowers falls in love with a Manchu doctor who is determined to marry her as his wife This sends his large family into conniptions since it means Jade will have to be accorded everence in line with the doctor s strict Manchu standards of filial espect And at 65 he is almost three times her age Perhaps if it weren t for his wealth there would be less of a fuss but a new wife has implications for the eventual distribution of his estate s assets In protest one of his sons shoots himself dead This act of greed for the family is worried only about its own dispossession nothing drives Dr Xia to divide his possessions among his sons and move to a shack on the outskirts of Jinzhou which is a cholera epidemic waiting to happen Yet there he and Jade and the author s mother find some happiness despite the fact that the doctor is penniless and must start at the bottom And all of the above in the book s first 44 pages Next we learn of the horrors committed during the Second Sino Japanese War the Japanese occupation of Manchuria in which Jinzhou is located Dr Mrs Xia are able to save a friend from the Japanese by befriending the prison garroter Dong who promises them not to strangle the man fatally only partially so he ll look dead enough to be transported to the foul smelling communal grave at the end of town There the Xias extract him from a tangle of bodies he s still breathing take him home and nurse him back to health This man Han Chen later goes to work for Kuomintang intelligence where he procures a membership ID for Mrs Xia s son which allows him to avoid military service and keep working in the doctor s medicine shop where he s most needed He even gets Dong a job After the war there were so many saved by Dong from the Japanese eaper in this way that survivors pooled their monies and bought the former executioner a little house for his etirement Heroism takes strange formsThe Japanese were defeated in 1945 and the second and concluding portion of the Chinese Civil War esumed The author s mother now turns out to be this capable community organizer on the Communist side She distributes propaganda The Nationalist bigwigs are seen as corrupt and lacking discipline The Communists were promising the populace things they would never deliver on such as the etention of personal property In Jinzhou the author says the Communists were perceived as innovators who would make the lives of the people better Another sneaky thing the Communists did while the Nationalists were busy fighting the Japanese they intensified their propaganda and brought the people over to their side Anyway as you may know neither side comes out smelling like a oseNeed to finish At a conference dinner some time in the mid 90s I found myself sitting next to this extremely impressive Chinese woman esearcher bunch of freuently cited publications well ead in three languages manages to look gorgeous as well I cast around for something to sayI liked that Wild Swans book I hazarded Do you know itShe looked at me scornfully Any Chinese woman could have written that she eplied There are a hundred million stories just like itI must admit I had a little trouble believing her But would Professor Fung have lied to me That seems even less plausible Wild Swans is a candid and harrowing account of three emarkable Chinese women grandmother mother and daughter but also gives us a very good picture of what China was like from the turn of the Century to the 1980 sWe learn about the ancient culture of the Chinese which included much that was beautiful and some that seems cruel We learn of the hope of so many Chinese that the overthrow of the Kuomintang would lead to a just social order but how it soon became clear that the worst excesses of the Kuomintang and those of Imperial China before that paled into insignificance compared to the hell on earth created by Mao s Chinese Communist PartyOne is left aghast that a system can destroy even the most basic human instincts of decency and compassion while turning people into inhumane monsters totally possessed as if by a demon by a cruel and totally destructive systemIt sends shivers down one s spine to ealise that The Great Helmsman Mao Ze Dong who anks with Hitler and Stalin as among the most evil men of the 20th century had his image worn on T shirts by progressive students and youth in the west and these same young champions of euality hung large pictures of Mao in their dormitory oomsThis at the same time as millions of Chinese were being slaughtered and physically and psychologically maimed on the orders of Mao and his Chinese Communist Party as described in this bookToday many in the West laud the economic eforms towards a type of totalitarian capitalist system but fail to emember that human ights have not improved at all and China is still a hideous and inhuman hell for hundreds of millions of its inhabitants And the world turns a blind eye While we a e left asking how much longer the people of China will emain enslaved by their inhumane Communist masters How LongBut the book is also about the strength of the human spirit about wonderful people especially the three emarkable women who are the central characters of this book as well as the cruel onesIt is a story of love and hate strength and weakness the beautiful and the uglyBut than anything it is about how the human spirit can never in the end be crushed by cruelty evil and tyranny. Arlords' egime and overthrow of the Japanese occupation violent struggles between the Kuomintang and the Communists to carve up China and most poignant for the author the vicious cycle of purges orchestrated by Chairman Mao that discredited and crushed millions of people including her parentsIncludes black and white photographsFamily treeChronologyM.